Full Guide To Wearing Face Masks

Full Guide To Wearing Face Masks

The New York Instances and Washington Post have now come around to a position I advocated for here on Medium final week: We must always all be wearing masks. Not just health care workers, but ALL of us. Every time we exit in public.
Why?
Because they work.
Research from the SARS outbreak in 2003 shows that washing arms 10+ times every day was 55% effective in stopping virus transmission; wearing a mask was truly more effective, reducing transmission by about sixty eight%.
Combining multiple types of protection — hand washing, mask wearing, gloves, and another layer of outerwear (gowning) — was ninety one% effective.
Read that again: ninety one% efficient at stopping virus transmission.
COVID-19 and SARS are related types of viruses (coronaviruses), and it is sensible that what works to stop transmission for one will work to stop transmission of the other.
Masks work, first, because they are a physical barrier to no matter’s riding along on that air you’re breathing or moving through. Right here’s a chart showing the relative barrier effectiveness for various materials:

Secondly, they work because they keep you from touching your face all day long. The masks makes you more self-aware of the truth that you’re not supposed to the touch your face- specifically, your mouth, nose, and eyes, and the areas around them- and in case you unintentionally do, you’ll contact the masks, not your skin directly.
Third, the experience of different nations who masks show that masks work within the real world. Within the words of Jeremy Howard, researcher and Masks4All activist, explaining a chart in his recent Youtube video showing how some nations have efficiently "flattened the curve" on new infections: "For those who look at all of the countries which have flat curves, they are countries the place masks-wearing is extremely regular, and NOT wearing a masks in places like public transport could be considered anti-social." He notes that the Czech Republic went from zero mask usage to 100% in 10 days, and within the process they halted the expansion of new covid-19 cases. The Czechs made their own masks- the government didn’t give them out.


In the event you still have to be persuaded, take a look at this Chinese research of an area outbreak case on January 22 in the course of the peak Lunar New Year journey season. A sick particular person on the bus who did not interact with anybody spread the virus to 7 others, a few of whom were seated much more than 6 ft away. Two new passengers caught the virus half-hour after the original sick individual had left the bus. NONE OF THE PEOPLE WEARING MASKS WERE INFECTED. Read the article, it’s very detailed, with a schematic of exactly where people were sitting on the bus.
So let’s say you’re satisfied, and now you’re thinking of some sort of face covering. What are your options?
First, please don’t purchase masks commercially, if by some miracle you can find them now. Commercially made PPE must be reserved for medical personnel at this time. Sadly, the shortage of commercially made PPE, and the shortage of foresight that caused us to be in such a position of scarcity, is probably why we initially got this messaging of "Masks don’t work!" They do, people just didn’t want you to know it for a while, to avoid a run on masks. Think of the empty cabinets in supermarkets throughout America the place bathroom paper used to live, and also you understand why.
The easiest thing you can do to masks NOW are to use supplies around the house. Get inventive; anything that covers the mouth and nose and stays in place will work.

While it’s best if the mask matches well and there are not any gaps between your face and the outside air, don’t hand over in your homemade masks when you can’t achieve that. Any face covering will preserve you from touching the skin around your nose and mouth directly, which may change into an important mechanism by which masks block virus transmission. If you inadvertently contact your face while you’re wearing a masks, you’ll just contact the masks, not your skin.
You may try to shape your face covering using pipe cleaners or opened-up rubber-coated paper clips within the part that goes over your nose to make a tighter fit — experiment. A very powerful thing is that you simply wash your arms, put on your face covering, and exit of the house protected.

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