Six Types Of Training And Development Techniques

Six Types Of Training And Development Techniques

1.On-the-job Training and Lectures

The two most incessantly used kinds of training are on-the-job training and lectures, although little research exists as to the effectiveness of either. It is often unattainable to teach someone everything she must know at a location away from the workplace. Thus on-the-job training often supplements different kinds of training, e.g., classroom or off-site training; but on-the-job training is regularly the only type of training. It's often casual, which means, unfortunately, that the trainer doesn't concentrate on the training as much as she ought to, and the trainer may not have a well-articulated image of what the novice must learn.

On-the-job training will not be successful when used to avoid growing a training program, although it may be an efficient part of a well-coordinated training program.

Lectures are used because of their low cost and their capacity to succeed in many people. Lectures, which use one-way communication as opposed to interactive learning strategies, are much criticized as a training device.

2. Programmed Instruction (PI)

These devices systematically present info to the learner and elicit a response; they use reinforcement ideas to promote appropriate responses. When PI was originally developed within the Nineteen Fifties, it was considered helpful only for basic subjects. At this time the tactic is used for skills as diverse as air site visitors management, blueprint reading, and the evaluation of tax returns.

3. Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI)

With CAI, students can be taught at their own pace, as with PI. Because the student interacts with the pc, it is believed by many to be a more dynamic learning device. Educational alternatives will be quickly selected to suit the student's capabilities, and efficiency will be monitored continuously. As instruction proceeds, data are gathered for monitoring and improving performance.

4. Audiovisual Techniques

Each television and film lengthen the range of skills that can be taught and the way information may be presented. Many systems have digital blackboards and slide projection equipment. The use of strategies that mix audiovisual systems such as closed circuit television and telephones has spawned a new time period for this type of training, teletraining. The feature on " Sesame Street " illustrates the design and evaluation of one in all television's favorite children's program as a training device.

5. Simulations

Training simulations replicate the essential traits of the real world which are necessary to produce each learning and the transfer of new knowledge and skills to application settings. Both machine and different types of simulators exist. Machine simulators usually have substantial degrees of. physical fidelity; that is, they characterize the real world's operational equipment. The main function of simulation, nevertheless, is to produce psychological fidelity, that is, to reproduce within the training those processes that will probably be required on the job. We simulate for a number of reasons, including to manage the training surroundings, for safety, to introduce feedback and different learning rules, and to reduce cost.

6. Business games

They are the direct progeny of war games which have been used to train officers in combat methods for hundreds of years. Nearly all early enterprise games had been designed to teach basic business skills, however more latest games also include interpersonal skills. Monopoly is perhaps considered the quintessential business game for young capitalists. It is probably the first place kids realized the words mortgage, taxes, and go to jail.

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